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What do you understand by the term "Rational Agent"?

Rationality is nothing but status of being reasonable, sensible, and having good sense of judgment.


Rationality is concerned with expected actions and results depending upon what the agent has perceived. Performing actions with the aim of obtaining useful information is an important part of rationality.


Rationality of an agent depends on the following −

  • The performance measures, which determine the degree of success.

  • Agent’s Percept Sequence till now.

  • The agent’s prior knowledge about the environment.

  • The actions that the agent can carry out.


A rational agent always performs right action, where the right action means the action that causes the agent to be most successful in the given percept sequence. The problem the agent solves is characterized by Performance Measure, Environment, Actuators, and Sensors (PEAS).

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